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Comments on Weeks 9&10 Readings-2017


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  1. It was really cool to see the comparison between new and old methods of building with waste/recycled materials in these articles. In the “Building a Library” article a traditional adobe house is made using straw, mud, and manure. In “Making a House” a structure is made out of bricks formed from old newspapers.

    In both cases the materials being used are waste. Nobody is trying to reduce the consumption of waste paper, dirt, and animal droppings. If fact, most people actually pay to remove it! When repurposed as a building material though they can produce a cheap, sustainable structure that can withstand the test of time. Adobe houses are known to be great insulators as well, which certainly has its own benefits, although I’m not sure if the paper house shares this quality.

  2. Initiatives
    It is amazing how innovative people can get. This article is just five simple ways to build a house sustainably. My favorite was the pallet structure. I would never think of a pallet as a home. I work at Lowes and have seen thousands of pallets. They are definitely obtainable, especially when aid is being given. It would be brilliant when shipping aid to countries or areas in need, to take the pallets the material was probably shipped on and make temporary shelters or even permeant houses.
    Another good one, was the poop house. It seems almost 100% sustainable. It takes a structure and fills basically the walls with water. This water can last 20 years and as the water is lost, the walls are being built up with waste. So by the time the water is all gone, the walls will still be insulated by the waste that has built up over the years.
    It is just simply amazing the ideas people can have. The pallet one I think is clever, but the poop house has to be the most innovative. To be able to build a structure like that, and not only give housing, but ensure reliable water for roughly 2 decades. That’s impressive.

  3. From Waste to Architecture

    I was fascinated by the first few articles that I ended up reading through all of them. I was so intrigued at all of the creative, unique, and even artistic ways of recycling materials in such an aesthetic way. All of them concentrate on reusing local waste and making something sustainable and affordable as well as making a point about sustainability itself. By creating such sustainable creative structures from local waste, it makes you think about your own carbon footprint and even your communities. Or at least that’s what all of these articles did for me. I enjoyed too many of them to say I have a favorite. Though I do question why, if all of these amazing sustainable ideas are out there, some being put into action, why do we, as communities or cities not resort to thinking in such ways when building a new sky scraper, or even a new house? Why does our society lean towards such thoughts only when needed. Why not avoid problems like the sustainability of our earth before hand instead of letting waste, some harmful, just build up until its too late?

  4. From Waste to Architecture

    In “Some Things Will Not Grow”, it states that the outdoor installation, which was made from recycled inorganic waste material, was used to highlight the importance of garbage making it to the correct containers, because doing otherwise harms the landscape. The name of the installation is a warning about consumer society and how people can’t just throw out waste and expect natural beauty to be unharmed. In “Museum of Automotion”, the architects designed a warning about the future by surrounding the museum with recycled metal, which is supposed to be a reminder about the need for a sustainable automobile industry. I like the purpose and messages that both the outdoor installation and the museum are trying to communicate. However, I wonder if people actually interpret the purpose of the installation and the recycled metal around the museum in the same way as the architects and designers. I want to know whether or not the message is really being received by the people who see and experience the installation and museum. I also feel like there is a possibility that some people may get the message and others may not, but then there is a question of why that is.

  5. The excerpts in “From Waste to Architecture” were very innovative and creative solutions to repurposing materials that cannot be recycled properly. There are so many different repurposing possibilities to various everyday objects, it would be neat if this is how they all entered their second life, rather than in a landfill. “Making a Library” was a great way to see materials be repurposed with a bigger purpose. The libraries are a perfect sustainable solution for the people in the Institutio Tonatzin Tlallui. Finding a sustainable solution suitable for your location is its key to success. Our lot may benefit from over abundance we may have of materials in the area or any obsolete materials local to the area; these could come from the shipyard maybe. We could definitely look into seeing it there is a possible slate or rock that we could use to resurface the lot since that is prevalent to our design.

  6. Making a Studio

    In this reading, the designers take a cargo ship container and transform it into a living/studio space for one or two named “cargotecture.” This approach uses a very basic foundation, can be piled up to 3 high safely (using outdoor stairways), and gives a very cheap alternative to traditional housing. The edited container is designed to not be cold, it incorporates windows and plants to remove the steel appeal and help it blend in better with its surroundings. The container also uses thin plywood for the floor, walls ,and ceiling held together with metal solder to make a permanent and more human life-stylistic approach to the interior. The concept of the floor plan is very simple, about 75% of the unit is a living area, while 25% make up a bedroom and a bathroom.

  7. I scanned all the articles in this book. The refrigerator wall on the highway was a bit ugly. It was a good advertisement for the company. It might look better live, driving by at a high rate of speed.
    My favorite, that has been used for many years, was the shipping container house. Shipping containers have been used to make small villages. Multiple levels and different stacking configurations can make for creative designs. Window and door placements and styles, along with color options, can be used to make them all look different. It is a huge improvement over the developments that use the same designed house on every lot. Come home after slugging down a few and they all look alike. They are also, much cheaper to build than beginning from scratch with new raw materials.
    Our pump house on the farm is framed outs with pallets. With rolled rubber roof and siding, it can be heated with one 100-watt light bulb all winter. Pallets are usually easy to acquire and free.
    I love the idea with recycled umbrellas, too.

  8. From Waste to Aesthetics:

    These ideas are absolutely amazing and innovative. I browsed through them all and although they are all creative I absolutely fell in love with “Somethings Will Not Grow”. This was a very knowledgeable way to create inclusion of a community along with learning something along the way. I loved the way in basically encapsulated you but also kept you in tune with nature. It looks like a great space to just observe the beauty around you in peaceful way while learning something simultaneously. I also liked the idea of the recycled containers used as homes for some people. I saw this the Today Show once and was astounded and shocked at what they did to it calling it a tiny home. I also saw something like this driving through Providence, Rhode Island on the highway. I have no idea what it used for but the graffiti catches your attention when you drive by.

  9. From Waste to Architecture – Museum of Automation

    I decided to read about the Museum of Automotion which is in Torrejón de la Calzada, near Madrid, Spain. The museum is designed by two architects. The first architect is Mansilla and the second is Tuñón. The museum itself is a cylindrical volume, made from crushed cars. The architects designed this museum to give a warning about the future and the recycled metal surrounding the museum is intended to be a reminder of the need for a sustainable automotive industry. I thought this was an interesting idea and concept because they were using recycled cars in their design structure in an attempt to inform people that we must be more sustainable.

  10. From Waste to Architecture

    What, I think, is most surprising about these readings is that most of the designs look fantastic despite a strict budget and select type of materials. Particularly, “Making a House” most surprised me. This house and lot is absolutely gorgeous, almost akin to most modern architectural houses (although obviously not as sleek due to materials and cost). The fact that it is made from what it is, is just a benefit. The amount of design that went into every facet of the house is mind-blowing; keeping the house looking better than most houses (at least that I’ve seen in the local area) is even more-so mind-blowing.

    These projects should show us, society as a whole, that we must reconsider how we approach design and building. If most buildings started off with a “sustainability first” sort of mindset, where could we be as a society? Less wasteful, more efficient, less costly? That all sounds much better to me.

  11. I found it interesting in Tonantzin Tlallui, they build a library with bales of straw, mud, donkey manure and sand. They wanted to generate sustainable solutions for the people of Tonantzin and hoping they could use this technique to build house in Oaxaca. The project trained local residents how to build a sustainable building from these natural supplies.

  12. These articles described certain sustainable and innovative projects that impacted societies and the environment positively. My favorite was the ” Making the library” project. It included a group of individuals using straw bales and soil to make a sustainable library in their respective community. I really liked this idea because it showed care for the community and efficiency in its impact. Because this project used attainable materials means that it’d be easy to execute almost anywhere else in the world. When families do not have the financial resources to purchase cement and other construction materials when constructing a home, gathering straw bales and soil can now become an option for them. Hence, poor families across the world could make their homes using these materials without worrying about spending too much. Additionally, if the whole community gets together to build these homes, each participating individual could get “paid back” by having the whole community works on his/ her house as well. It would be a community effort. I really like this idea and I believe it has amazing potential.

  13. From Waste to Architecture

    One of my favorite chapters in this readings is about the creation of “Pittsburgh Glass Center” and how it was build from reutilization of waste materials. By looking through the entire book, it is appealing to visualize the information of the plans that are set by great designers and architects. Not only do I like the creativity of the designs that were put into these projects, but also, I love the presentation of how each projects were shown. Additionally, the style of infographic helps me give the idea of the overall goal.

  14. From Waste to Architecture: Somethings will Not Grow

    This project had a really cool concept of recycling material to build a park that raises awareness about the dangers of metal and plastic waste. Somethings will not grow is an experimental garden whose main attraction is five cylindrical aluminum cubicles that visitors can walk inside and view the images displayed inside of picturesque landscapes. Entering the garden you have to walk through a metal arch draped with recycled plastic castoffs. The makers wanted to stress the importance of recycling and throwing out your waste responsibly. I think that this garden is like a terrible beauty in that it draws the viewer into these beautiful facades that captivate you but at the same time it makes you start thinking about losing these scenes because of our own doings, so I think this is a very moving garden display. I think that the artists project complemented and showed a impressing way of raising awareness about the environment.

  15. i will have to say i agree with jrosa on his comment when i read the same article. i found it interesting that they took old cursed cars and made this building out of them. And that it shows the sign of we need to change our ways and need to become better at building cars to have a more sustainable future for them. its a concept that should be done with other things like bottles , glass, tires, you name it, we should use the stuff that is not good in the world of being sustainable and make something out of it to push for a change. Just like this article.

  16. “Studio 320”

    I remember a few years ago when the cargo containers from ships became a trend amongst people who were interested in building smaller, more affordable homes. In many cases, these containers can be purchased for a relatively cheap price, and since these materials are repurposed, it’s a perfect solution for those who are driven by keeping environmental impact to a minimum. Ever since I became aware of people making use of cargo containers as actual homes, I was interested in seeing the many ways these containers can be designed, in fact very often I wouldn’t be able recognize the container from the interior because of the well-thought-out designs people were coming up with. Other than being environmentally-friendly by repurposing these containers, as shown in “From Waste to Architecture”, HyBrid architects made sure the placement of their structure made very little impact on the natural surroundings; partly due to the fact that these containers are quite small in size compared to a full sized home.

  17. The article “Toward Social Urbanism for Shrinking Cities” raises the point that often city planners and architects do not consider the human aspect of what happens with urban renewal projects. Houses will get demolished, but nothing useful is put up in this space, either because of a lack of interest or the space just being too small to be usable in a modern capacity. Those improvements that are made need to be made with the needs of the local population or the population will continue to decline causing even more urban blight that needs to be taken care of. Projects that take into account the current and future needs of the population will have much better results in terms of preventing the city from shrinking further, as well as in the happiness of residents.

  18. As I browsed through Brent Ryan’s “Towards a Social Urbanism” in Design after Decline: How America Rebuilds Shrinking Cities and Joe Day’s, “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” in Places Journal, I was inspired to look more into “urbanism of shrinking cities”. I found multiple interesting projects that had been taken on, one of them by MIT Architectural students. In The Spring 2012 shrinking cities studio, they examine the “privatopolis” of SAUGET, ILLINOIS. It was quite interesting. I was also fascinated at the L.A.’s iUrbanisms chart that diagramed a variety of urbanism.

  19. I read a portion of Toward Social Urbanism for Shrinking Cities, and while it was a very long chapter, and I was short on time, I didn’t get that far, however will continue to read it when I am able to. It was an eye-opening article, in so far as seeing how Medellin dealt with their “revolution” of architecture, political economy and social justice. Medellin was dealing with population growth, while similar cities in the US were dealing with extreme decline. Yet, Medellin’s approach seemed to give all of their citizens, including the poorest among them, with dignity and respect through their design and approach to social urbanism
    The US approach, demolition based, created a divisive atmosphere. Any growth and improvement occurred in the areas that needed it the least, while the areas that needed it, became even worse off as property values took a hit of up to 20 percent as a result of having empty lots littered throughout their neighborhoods.

    Medellin’s plan community participation and social outreach, which seemed to be in stark contrast in looking at how many of the local officials throughout the US approached the problems plaguing their cities, can be deemed largely as a success. This bottom up approach, coupled with innovative design created a city plan that was well thought out, functional and inclusive.

  20. in ReMaterial, I enjoyed looking at the different projects, and how different materials could be used in ways other than what they were meant for. The library and the studio projects reminded me of a program I watched awhile back. There was a man building a house in the UK entirely of cob.

    The same program showed a man in Ireland that built a house entirely out of 2 shipping containers, and it came out stunning. in stark contrast to what it started as.

    I’m always interested in non-traditional building techniques and affordable building materials, as well as the tiny house movement.
    As you showed in the images of traditonal Midde Eastern housing and centuries old technologies, in our quest for “innovation’ and “new, better ways” to do things, we have lost many effective methods and techniques.

  21. From Waste to Architecture

    I absolutely love the idea of reusing old materials to create new things. We live in a deteriorating world and I believe we as a society should do everything in our power to impede that process. However I dislike the idea of reusing something just for the sake of a building a random structure. This is definitely the case with the fridges in Lithuania being used to build walls that provide something for motorists to look at on their commute to work. Those refrigerators could have been melted down and turned back into steel that would have been reused to make something more practical, assuming the metals could be returned to a reusable state. The metal could have gone into automobiles or sold to metallurgists to be turned into a finished product, instead of rusting in the middle of a field. I am a huge proponent of function over form, and while the refrigerator walls are certainly interesting, they don’t serve a purpose.

  22. Toward Social Urban-ism for Shrinking Cities

    There is a very interesting aspect of this article. The article shows the reversal of Detroit’s Shrinking City by contrasting it with a growing city. The growing city of Medellin in the same amount of time grew multiple times over while Detroit declined. The city did something very radical in comparison. While the city grew, it kept track of its public offerings and helped the poor compared to leaving them to homelessness and crime. The city opened many different public buildings such as 8 modern libraries, a lot of schools, and even a new gondola system that connected the cities public transportation. By providing so many opportunities for the poorer citizens, it was easier to help them sustain jobs and gain knowledge. It is a lesson that should be revisited by most American cities as very little, if any, public transportation and modern work has been done to improve the life of the citizens to boost commercial, residential, and social life.

  23. If the people with the money got together with the people with the creative ideas and the people who could bring those idea to fruition (politicians, architects, developers) and listened to the community and what they need, amazing things could be done. All three of these reading have the same theme. There is a huge lack of communication between all these people. More examples of why “smaller is better”.
    Demolition of abandoned buildings and leaving empty lots that will eventually turn into dumping grounds is not the answer. The effort will never get that lot back to a market value as a piece of real estate. At least plant grass and make it looks like someone cares, then let the community design neighborhood projects.

  24. Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities.

    Jane Jacobs talks about the importance of sidewalks and how they provide a space for contact. However, a good city provides balance between privacy and different types of contact, enjoyment, and help from others. One extremely important aspect of a city street is trust, which is established over time from a lot of public sidewalk contacts. For example, getting advice from a store owner, comparing opinions with other customers, and nodding hello to others on the street. Most importantly, Jacobs makes it clear that the customs that form public trust vary between neighborhoods. When working with a city and the people in it, it is important to keep in mind that people want to occasionally interact with each other but they still want their privacy. Also, contact and interaction between individuals is important for the well-being of a city. Public contact allows for people from different backgrounds to interact with each other. Designing a space that will help, and not hinder, public contact and sidewalk life is essential. Jacobs’s discussion about the sidewalk and public contact also highlights the need to understand the people who live in the city.

  25. Iurbanisms is a combines interdictory, infrastructural, and interventionist urbanism. The authors that support these ideals argue that dehumanizing of hyper-urbanization constitutes the most of new architectures. The article discusses the differences between these areas of focus. Rachel Berny talks about making urban improvements to our daily activities by using the park riding bikes instead of driving. (in)formal LA is more towards a counter-formalist political approach to urbanism while the sharpening the debate between anti-formalist content

  26. The “iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” by Joe Day is a different perspective on the structure of the city and how its layout and design can truly make a difference. I agree with Day that the geometries of a city have been exhausted as a source of design inspiration. Its an interesting dynamic to see that it’s no longer relevant or important for architects to seek opportunities in the city of Los Angeles. But instead it is the designers coming forward to present their ideas about architecture while urbanism in mind. Looking at the “L.A.’s iUrbanisms” chart towards the bottom of the article it was surprising to see where Jane Jacobs landed. Perhaps I haven’t read up enough on her or I am misinterpreting the chart, but it did take me by surprise to see her placed far away from New Urbanism. On the other hand, she seems properly placed in the “disaffected” side considering her dissatisfaction with the people in authority.

  27. Towards Social Urbanism for Shrinking Cities

    Often shrinking cities will abandon the poor in hope for something akin to gentrification. Old neighbors will be knocked down, present poor neighbors will be moved to benefit a new development. Then the cities’ invest public development money in a spread out manner, reducing any actual benefit.

    This is the opposite of what these cities should be doing. Medellin is a perfect example, the poorest in their city were remembered and helped. Creating a strong urban environment is about helping the poor and making them stable economically, not pushing them out in hopes of bringing in those who are already stable; this is what Medellin did. Their population grew and they have prospered in comparison to Detroit and other shrinking cities.

    Shrinking cities that have focused their development funding for specific areas have also had a better time. Although it may not stop the shrinking, it slows it down substantially while creating a more community and culture-orientated place. In stead of spending hundreds of millions to tear down buildings across the city, it is beneficial to focus on reinvesting in the areas with the most potential. But also reinvesting in a smart and sustainable way to be efficient with materials and cost.

  28. For today’s assignment, I read certain sections in the “Towards a Social Urban-ism” reading. They were really interesting. My favorite one was the ” Medellin’s Revolution” which was about an upsurge of social urban-ism in the city of Medellin, Columbia. This revolution was mainly started by the administration of Mayor Sergio Fajardo who mainly view design as the main characteristic to bring change into the city and link the poor neighborhoods to urban lifestyle. I thought this project was really cool . Because Mayor Sergio Fajardo shortly became president after doing respective projects around this theme; it showed that the public will generally vote for someone that seems to care for their well-being. This revolution which later made Sergio Fajardo become president is a perfect example of that.

  29. Toward Social Urbanism for Shrinking Cities

    I found this chapter quite interesting, as it outlines how the city of Medellin managed to explode in population, while similar cities experienced decline. They did this by creating safety nets for low income residents- the people who are most vulnerable during economic decline. The idea of using “social urbanism” as a foundation for rebuilding a city gets much stronger when you consider the successful application in Medellin. The city built five libraries, ten schools, renovated over a hundred existing schools, and built twenty police stations, among other projects. Another successful project was a gondola lift system to connect poorer neighborhoods with the city’s central metro line. Here, the Fajardo administration was proactive in trying to help the poor and keep people from leaving the city. Everything built in this revolutionary period served a purpose, and benefited communities directly with functional spaces. Schools and libraries served to educate and promote learning and new police stations helped combat any rise in crime. All of these projects help the community very directly, giving people a reason to stay in the city, while also attracting others to move there. Here, we see how investing in people by investing in things communities need helps build city populations and economies.

  30. In the article The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles it was interesting to read about the differing opinions of L.A. architects and how they see the future of the Los Angeles landscape. In my opinion having a farmers market that sells artisinal produce and a cafe that you can sit outside with friends having coffee or grab something to eat, while being so close to Sunset Blvd. offeres some hope that the future of L.A. could find a compromise between the big city aspect, and a small community environment. The architects could possibly work together to find solutions that can be beneficial to both the environment and the residents.

  31. I read “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” article and I believe that there can be a balance between the progressive change of big businesses growing there and having a nice area to sit back, relax, and enjoy the sunset without all the daily noises from the city that you hear when living in Los Angeles. While I believe there is room for both, as well as the fact that it would help the environment if there weren’t as many big industries polluting the air around there, I also realize that when you move to Los Angeles the expectation should be that major city lifestyle where everything you need is around your area. One shouldn’t move to Los Angeles if they are looking for more of a peaceful and environmental friendly area to live. People go there to experience the city life and take advantage of all the opportunities that these big industries have to offer. Cities can have balance but for a city as prominent as Los Angeles, not too much is going to change any time soon.

  32. iUrbanism by Joe Day was not the most simple of readings, he drifts off into little blurbs about subjects and then swifty returning to his ideas on urbanism design. Day uses a modern book written by an architect, artist/theorist and writer to uphold his idea about how modern design must be redirected.
    I found it strange that many architectures are hesitant or unwilling to design for city spaces because it is not seen as a place to be innovative and with time the design will become, if not already, mediocre. iUrbanism can be explained by all or one of these terms, Interdictory and/or Infrastructural and/or Interventionist. Interdictory is used in a sense of creating for direction or specialization, which can cut-off the general population; separating people. This type of urbanism is something I personally do not see as useful in creating a community or natural flow in a city. Infrastructure is important to architecture and as the author wrote should embody the client and artist. Overallt I feel the interventionist form of iUrbanism should be the main focus because it is the most inclusive and open minded idea. “The author describe interventionist Urbanism as functioning at a different scale, more grounded and street level” this way of looking at the layout of cities when referring to architecture of the land reminds me a lot of Jane Jacobs view.

  33. “Toward Social Urbanism for Shrinking Cities”

    One of the interesting story that I found in this article was the redevelopment of the neighborhood within Philadelphia. The redevelopment process took 7 years under the project called NTI (Neighborhood Transformation Initiative), where they spent over $300 million revitalizing vacant lots and structures. It’s also interesting how the streets of Philadelphia is being compared with Detroit, so that it gives a sense of hope for Detroit to restore, much like what the NTI project did for Philadelphia.

    Throughout the reading on this chapter, I found an interesting quote by John Kromer, and his perspectives on vacant spaces, “removed… the worst of the vacant-structure and inventory and… enhanced… development activity.

  34. The iUrbanism of Los Angeles

    While reading iUrbanism of Los Angeles I felt a bit lost.I didn’t know when he was talking about “ city talk” whether he meant the way people talk in the city or that people were not talking about the city itself. It was interesting to hear different plans and tasks laid out for the future of L.A. and what direction people think the city should move in. I had trouble understanding exactly what Jon Day saw for L.A. and what the images and chart were supposed to add to the article. Some of the labels on the chart were amusing but I didn’t get why they were relevant.

  35. the iurbanisms reading reminds me again of tow thing will have to change in he future to make better self sustainable homes and it ties back over to my idea of the selfs sustainable green houses called earth ships that i have been looking up about since the beginning of semester. that they use same concept for homes and bacilli deigning the future.

  36. The Death and Life of Great American Cities

    There are many ways to plan a city, even less ways that are successful, and even fewer ways that are magnificent. It is talked about in this paper what makes a city great and what ruins it. The author says to really know how to build a great city, you need to know how a great city works. I believe that a city takes the thought of the people. Of course you can not make everyone happy, but if you build in mind completely for the people and try to make the city as easy as possible to use for the people that will live in it. Then it can be a great city.

  37. Reading the article “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” I felt a little lost because at one point Joe Day was talking about the Urbanism in LA and how it’s changing and will change in the future. In the reading he was talking about architectures, designer. and editors that he had to meet up and work with.

  38. Reading the article “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” I felt a little lost because at one point Joe Day was talking about the Urbanism in LA and how it’s changing and how they are trying to change it in the future. How people can change the architectural design in urban areas. When I thong about Urbanism I think about the urban towns in Detroit that have vacant lots or abandon house. Because of that problem, artistes try to hide the problem by decorating the abandon the outside of the houses or streets obnoxiously.

  39. The aesthetic potential of sustainability

    David Heymann talks about architect use technical problems that posed the environments performance. Norman Foster says “There has not been a noticeable break in the character of his firm’s designs as these have been enhanced to produce ever more exceptional environmental performance.” Making a problem being added to the list of performance parameters. Which raises a concern in sustainability. Architect haven’t changed much ever since the Renaissance generation but architect have improved.

    Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance

    Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance talks about how sustainable architecture has become a danger because architecture are more en vogue than being green or eco-consciousness in California. Even tho these architecture of house are en vogue, some of the house are sustainable in a way. Some of these house have solar panels for energy and the solar panels provide water. The only non sustainable architecture is having a big living space that is more than 3,00 plat square feet making footprint for carbon. Sustainable architectures think a home should have less rooms for only one person and make the living space smaller; so it can be a sustainable design and that fits the taste of the owner.

    Public Art and Sustainability

    Reading the article “Public Art and Sustainability” it talked about The Weisman Art Museum and how the building is a form of art of its funky shapes and steel. It is a art to city of Minneapolis in Minnesota. The only problem is that is it’s a sustainable building; it is a building that has a lot of maintenance that it needs to keep up with. When I think of the word sustainability in sustainable architecture; I think about the architecture of a build require less maintenance and benefiting the environment. The Weisman Art Museum reminds of Ray and Maria State Center that is owned but MIT. The Ray and Maria State Center building was gotten a lot of architecture criticism on how its poorly built, not being a sustainable building, water problems and a lot of maintenance to maintain it. Art engages with issues of sustainability, the environment when it comes to designing a sustainable architecture.

    When Nature Takes Over

    The article “When Nature Takes Over” is a perfect name to call the article because us humans try to maintain nature by cutting the grass, pulling out weeds, or keeping it neat in a curtain performance. Once we abandon the area or neglect the maintenance; nature finally get to take over everything especially our creations. A photographer by the name of William Christenberry takes picture of abandon ares and over time nature takes over the area. Christenberry visits a abandon house and over time he takes pictures of the building. He titles the pictures, “Building with False Brick Siding, Warsaw, Alabama.” When he first visited the abandon house siding were starting to peel off and vines stared to grow on the up right corner of the house. Eight years later, Christenberry visits the abandon house and take of photo of it. this time house was covered with green vines. In 1991 Christenberry revisits the abandon house; the vines look like they were removed, but the trees and brushes took control infant of the house. The trees and brushes continued to take over and in 1994, you could hardly see the house. Christenberry finial picture of the house title was renames no longer made any sense. I think it makes sense cause nature always win.

  40. David Hayman, “The aesthetic potential of sustainability” in Places Journal.

    The sustainability movement is providing the potential for new ways of doing things but, as Hayman points out, there is a trend of taking the new technological changes and combining them with “pre-existing aesthetic models”. It is not unusual to me that people will handle new things by incorporating what they already know. How the sustainability movement will change aesthetics probably won’t be seen and felt until the new generation has more influence. I liked the concept of the “Ugly Pet”. There are a few things we have looked at in class that remind me of the “Ugly Pet” concept. They’re the types of projects that don’t look the best, but you can appreciate the message and motivation behind them.

    Julia Walker, “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance” in ART 21

    The thought of sustainability being a trend is something that has concerned me. I also think there is a danger of sustainability being viewed as a hassle or too complicated. Additionally, the average person may find it difficult to believe what they do will actually have a positive impact, so they do nothing. I think some people have trouble conceptually visualizing how their one act of sustainability contributes to everyone else’s sustainability efforts. Just as Walker asserts in the article, the fact there is no one agreed upon definition of sustainable architecture is a problem and does nothing to help the other problems involving the sustainability movement. I appreciate Walker’s claim that sustainable architecture should be weird and experimental in order to suit different tastes. I really don’t like the “elite sustainable architecture” (Malibu 5). I think it looks nice, but I have never had any desire to actually live in, or make a home out of, places that are “elite sustainable architecture”. I would rather see a blend of sustainability and the homes I grew up around or a new form of architecture that doesn’t feel so cold to me.

    Corinna Kirsch, “Public Art and Sustainability” in ART 21

    The relationship between public art and maintenance is an important component to be aware of when designing. A city needs to be able to maintain public art (collections) for years. In art projects such as the “Heidelberg Projects”, it seems like the issue of maintenance is not taken into consideration. Some of the projects have stuffed animals outside or shoes hanging off fences and it makes you wonder how they are being maintained or if they could cause some sort of environmental harm due to the materials used.

    Catherine Wagley, “When Nature Takes Over” in ART 21

    The Building with False Brick Siding, Warsaw, Alabama reminded me of an article about the “Ghost Towns of the White Mountains”. These ghost towns are places that have been taken by time and nature. My friend and I want to go visit them.

    From my experiences of walking in forests, you can often find the remains of buildings and homes that have been taken back by nature. So, the image/picture of a building being taken over by nature isn’t concerning or unnatural to me. Nature taking over some things is just a part of life and change.

  41. A common issue seen today, in buildings and in art, is that they often do not get the required care and maintenance due to them. As detailed in “Public Art and Sustainability”, not all art can be taken care of through climate control and security. Some needs to be protected from corrosion and some even from other maintenance activities, such as scratches from mowing too close. A handful of cities have passed legislation mandating that a certain percentage of funding spent on municipal building to go towards funding and maintenance of public art. This same issue is present in buildings, they are often built with no plans as to how they will be maintained or updated in the future. Our campus is a prime example of this with most buildings being 40-50 years old with no major renovations.

    Buildings today are more sustainable in design and construction than they ever have, unfortunately the growth of sustainable design seems to have peaked. As detailed in “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance”, many cool innovations have been made in the past, from packaging toilets to showers that use only a cup of water! In order to keep innovation flowing polices must be made that influence innovation. This can be done through increasing standards, providing tax incentives, or directly funding research and development. More innovation can potentially lead to a higher standard of living at a lower cost and it’s important to keep innovating.

    In “The Aesthetic Potential of Sustainability”, it is said that technology is needed in order to improve the aesthetics and functionality. Innovations in climate control, structure, and space use are needed to continue to produce the most outlandish designs possible. At a cattle ranch in Texas land was regraded to prevent contamination of a surface stream and a central water tank was added to a piece of land divided like a pie. It was sized so that each “slice” could naturally regenerate before being used as grazing land again. This allows cattle to be raised with less unnatural involvement and therefore a lower environmental impact.

  42. Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance

    The main points I got from this reading is for real changes to be made a power such as a government has to implement full thought out plans to reform peoples approaches to sustainability. While an individual can do things to help better the world, if there were regulations or government incentives that are actually valuable to an individual then there would be much more drive in carrying out the plans. Things like tax reduction or even a monthly check would be a wonderful incentive to be sustainable.

    Public Art and Sustainability

    Public art is a complicated realm of artistic values, social norms, and political ideals that make a lot of works ineligible or even hurtful if placed in public. To help bridge these gaps, public art organizations offer frameworks for practices that do more then art – but can serve a function that is necessary.

    An Un-flushable Urinal

    This article is a look at social patterns and ideologies behind how things are valued. The most important part of the entire article is the understanding that almost anything a human makes is art and there is art behind everything to create its existence. From the article, “Fountain was intended as a test of principles, challenging and existing orthodoxy not merely of taste, but of valuation.”

    When Nature Takes Over

    I enjoyed this one, it goes into peoples beliefs that once humans are gone nature will reclaim everything we ever made. Some radical theorist think the world will be subjected to volcano or dramatic destruction from the cosmos itself. What a photographer did though, was watch a house over around 20 years as it was taken over by vines, then bushes, then grass. Nature itself was reclaiming and starting to try to decompose the house back to soil. Like in the bible, ashes to ashes, dust to dust. This is the most realistic example of what might happen, as it already has before and has been observed live.

  43. The article “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” mentioned Joe Day. He was talking about the Urbanism in LA and how they are trying to change it in the future. This made me think of how we all must think of the future and make the needed changes so we all can have a more sustainable future. We need to change some key aspects of our life-styles and living conditions. We must change to more sustainable concepts for our homes and buildings.

  44. David Hayman, “The aesthetic potential of sustainability” in Places Journal.

    David Heymann talks about how many architects not only just retrofit nostalgia, but use the technical problems posed by environmental performance to evolve their work. Sustainability has become a movement and will affect certain aesthetics especially in the new generation which will have a greater influence. Architect has improved throughout the years and will continue to improve. 

    Julia Walker, “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance” in ART 21 

    The reading “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance” talks about how sustainable architecture is in danger. It’s in danger because sustainability runs the risk of lapsing out of style. It is a fad that can go out of fashion as easily as it came in this is because sustainable architecture does not have a single definition so there is no basic idea to start with. Some groups characterize it as design which foregrounds energy efficiency as a concern while some describe it as architecture that uses alternative materials while others consider it to be building that highlights a general attitude of environmental consciousness. The fact that there is not an agreed definition for sustainable architecture is a problem. There needs to be a basic definition so it good be a starting point or a guide.

    Corinna Kirsch, “Public Art and Sustainability” in ART 21

    Reading the article “Public Art and Sustainability” it talked about The Weisman Art Museum and how it’s maintenance is an important component to be aware of when designing. This Museum is a perfect example of a building with poor design and not enough time going over its layout. It is supposed to be a sustainable building but it has a lot of maintenance that needs to be kept up with. A sustainable building should be a building that requires less maintenance and it also benefits the environment. Unfortunately, art and architecture lack in engaging issues that deal with sustainability and the environment when it comes to designing.

    Catherine Wagley, “When Nature Takes Over” in ART 21

    The article “When Nature Takes Over” is about how nature has a mind of its own and if we don’t maintain it nature will take over areas if we abandon it. We must not neglect the area but we need to maintain the basic maintenance. There are a couple of photographs that show what nature can do to a place if it is abandoned. A photographer by the name of William Christenberry takes pictures of abandon areas that nature has taken over. One abandon house that he took pictures of had vines growing all on the house and years later it was covered with vines. He shows us how nature can consume an object if it is abandoned and neglected.

  45. Julia Walker’s, “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance” mentions the recent use of sustainable architecture as a “fad” and a popular thing to do even if it doesn’t have the environment in mind per say. It is not a long lasting solution to conserve the earth if people are viewing it as trendy rather than beneficial. Sustainable design is popping up everywhere but we don’t know if it necessary the solution, we are continuously finding out new things and this could one day be replaced by better efforts and practices.

    Corinna Kirsch’s, “Public Art and Sustainability” raises an interesting point about maintenance of public art. There are many sides to be taken so it seems right that there should be a limit or standard and funding for it. The costs of some are obviously more than others and that’s probably something most people forget or don’t see. Temporary public pieces would have a shorter timeframe therefore cheaper, but permanent art pieces may require regular maintenance like bronze statues. In terms of our vacant lot project, it would be smart to be sure our project is self-sustaining.

    Catherine Wagley’s, “When Nature Takes Over” article was very interesting and its focus on William Christenberry’s “Building with False Brick Siding, Warsaw, Alabama’’ was a great way to connect things. The pictures had the Ruin Porn appeal with the overgrown nature. It also mentions how nature will take over anything that’s been created in its path. Christenberry’s pictures proved this because over a 20 year span the house was no longer visible. It’s beautiful to see nature’s ability to adapt to these man made buildings and make them part of nature again.

    David Hayman’s, “The aesthetic potential of sustainability,” its an interesting perspective to think that aesthetic potential of sustainability is still in its “infancy” and to compare it to post modern masterpieces. Hayman claims you do not see “rich ambiguousness and uncertainty, requiring individual rather than collective assessment” in first generation sustainable design. Its curious to see that he poses this idea that the history of artistic production is sparse in terms of aesthetic responses from invisible qualities rather than formal manipulation.

  46. The main issue I see about public art is that for the most part it is not sustainable. They have to take into account how they will affect the environmental they are placed it but also have to think about how the weather and other factors will affect the art. Since it is out in the public there is no way to protect it from the elements or from damage from equipment or vandalism. This is why it is not sustainable, it cost money to maintain these structures they serve no functional purpose. When thinking of sustainable architecture the two characteristics that come to mind are style and function. Since sustainable architecture is still a new idea there is no standard of design. So there is the decision to use technology to make a green building over designing it to be use the environment to its advantage. There is only the issue of changing everyday technology they will be hard to get used to that also creates a design problem. If there was a centralized design that could be applied to multiple areas then I think these types of building will be created more since style and function would use eachother. In the article when nature takes over is a good example of what will happen if we stopped trying to “maintain” our landscapes and let nature run its course. This is seen in many movies where our society collapses, showing us how much we impact our environment to make it “look nice”. I felt that the article the aesthetic potential of sustainability follows the same ideas I had where there is a need for a standardization of design to gain the most benefit from sustainable designs where the new aesthetic has to be attractive, efficient in its design, and ethical to the environment and materials used.

  47. The Aesthetic Potential of Sustainability
    I think it was interesting the way the author states that aesthetics and technology have a chicken and egg relationship. I’ve certainly noticed the correlation, for example how computer art in the 80s and 90s was cutting edge and interesting. It makes sense because artists are always looking for new ways to innovate and when new technology arises, of course they take advantage of this. I have seen an increased interest in sustainable design, and I think it’s both out of its newness and its necessity. I’m definitely interested to see how far it will go and what will come of it as it becomes more and more integrated into daily design.

    Sustainable Architecture
    Building off of my thoughts on the last article, I think it’s interesting that the author states that right now sustainable architecture is a fad which means it will likely die out. I supposed that makes sense given that new technology or ideas are only new for so long and then the novelty and excitement wears out and the next thing comes along. Much like we don’t see much computer art anymore (at least in the same strain as that of the 80s and 90s that I refered to before) it makes sense that sustainable design could go the same way. I like that the author suggests solutions such as keeping sustainable design “weird” and individualistic and varied so that people with different aesthetic tastes can all find something they like and I especially like the idea of a set definition of what sustainable means. It seems everyone has different ideas of what sustainable is, making it very hard to determine the goals and outcomes of “sustainable design”

    Public Art and Sustainability
    This article was interesting to me because I often think of sustainability in terms of recycled materials, things that use low energy, renewable resources, or have a lower environmental impact, but i tend to forget that sustainability also includes the maintenance and preservation of what already exists. In relation to this project, I think it will be important to keep in mind maintenance costs and what materials will be the most forgiving of being exposed to new england weather and visitors.

    When Nature Takes Over
    I think Christenberry’s project is brilliant and I love the way it manages to sidestep being “ruin porn.” Although ruin porn tends to focus on post-industrial decrepit buildings, I’ve definitely seen its hallmarks applied to buildings simply over taken by nature as well. But this manages to avoid that. I think in part its because it shows the process, it doesn’t necessarily romanticize it or dramatize it, but rather simply documents it and lets the process speak for itself. To me, it reads both as a loss for the building as its consumed, but a win for nature as well. It avoids being morose because it seems to suggest that life goes on regardless. Rather than showing nature taking over as something to be afraid of, as the article says, it shows it as a natural part of life.

  48. The Aesthetic Potential of Sustainability
    I appreciate the way this article points out that the agent of change, often a technological advancement, whether it be the discovery of perspective in painting or digital representation, it can take a long time for the consequence of this “new discovery” to produce an aesthetic answer. It is indeed, the chicken and the egg issue; you can’t have one without the other and as theatrical points out, yet each of the advances deserve credit and merit on their own for their singularity.

    Sustainable architecture: Style vs. Substance
    I loved how this article questioned what is sustainable architecture? The answer, I know it when I see it- perhaps isn’t quite good enough. In order for the real sustainability to happen, defining it is key, as well as diversifying design enough to keep it “weird, idiosyncratic and experimental. This way it’s more inclusive to individuals taste and preferences.

    Public Art and Sustainability
    I was perhaps most drawn to this article. I love the idea of coupling green initiatives with public finding for the arts. And it’s crucial to have the funding to maintain the arts. I also liked the part about asking the artists what they want to make, rather than commission them to make what they are told to make, as well as the Forecast Public Art program, which allows artists to pursue ideas through research and development without necessarily completing them.

    When Nature takes over
    I loved the images in this article. I had to ask myself, how did this photographer know that someone might not come along and either buy the building and clean it up, or that the town might demolish it, or that it wouldn’t otherwise be maintained somehow. I guess they got lucky in that respect. But the beauty of nature reclaiming its own landscape was inspiring. We’ve actually just borrowed from Mother Nature what is hers, and that with the passage of time, she will take it all back given the opportunity.
    There are some other images

  49. The article, titled “Public Art and Sustainability,” directly relates to my group’s project. As of now we plan to use the space for art installations relating to abolitionism and its history in New Bedford. Yearly students from Umass Dartmouth would submit pieces to be displayed. We foresaw the problem of sustainability and hoped to sell off old installations for funds (at least this was one option). But I don’t believe we considered what upkeep and security would be for current installations. When further developing our project this is an area we will have to focus on.

    “Style vs. Substance” brought up an interesting point: sustainability could just be a fad. Although interesting, I think it’s wrong. Sustainability, I think, can be incorporated into many different architectural fads and movements. Even the brutality design of UMD could be done in an efficient and sustainable way (at least more so than it is now). I think the author’s argument could be made for extreme sustainability, but sustainability is on a spectrum. I think to better our future not everyone needs to be living in suffocatingly small houses or houses completely lighted with natural light.

    I think the article “When Nature Takes Over” is a fascinating philosophical look in to human psychology and are innate fear of being forgotten and death. It also raises the point that we are not saving the planet, we are saving ourselves, which I think adds to my point against “Style vs. Substance.” Sustainable architecture won’t go away because we can’t afford for it to.

  50. “When Nature Takes Over” reflects the idea of “nature eventually taking over everything we create”, an example by William Christenberry – a photograph titled “building with false brick siding, Warsaw, Alabama” shows just what nature is capable of in a short period of time; in eight years, nature had reclaimed the structure, leaving the entire building and surrounding lot overgrown with trees, grass, and vines. I think works such as this reflect the impact humans make on the environment, but also show just how resilient nature is to the impact we’ve made.

    Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance

    This article starts off by observing the “green living / eco-friendly” fad that’s been present for the past few years, and warns us of the possibility that this trend may someday not be relevant. The example of Stephen Kanner’s Malibu 5 house offers many sustainable features, (recycled materials, reduced energy consumption, etc), yet it also reflects this elitist architecture approach which is just as focused on appearance as it is sustainability. In addition to that, it claims to be a sustainable, eco-friendly space, but at the same time it’s 3500 square feet, which in most cases is completely unnecessary. I liked the part of this article that talked about sustainable architecture relying on policy – and that standards should be established for new constructions. Those who met these standards would benefit through “economic rewards”, such as tax reductions, etc.

  51. David Hayman, “The aesthetic potential of sustainability” in Places Journal

    David Hayman inspirations came from the artistic practice that was established during the 15th century, the early Renaissance. He discover the beauty of light and dark tones which gives an outstanding depth to an overall artistic piece. Although it is kind of surprising that a person like David, who loves the rich history of lighting and space would call Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1927, a masterpiece.

    Julia Walker, “Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance” in Art 21

    From what I have read, Julia Walker’s ideas towards certain sustainable architectures is very agreeable. I’m glad that she point out some of the reasons why having sustainable buildings can cause a negative outcome, “…with its minimalist forms, with its unornamented surfaces, with its geometric, modernist composition, that its inhabitants are as fashionable as the architecture they selected for their home”. Not to mention, thinking about how people would use such an empty living space for their own way of recreation.

    Corinna Kirsch, “Public Art and Sustainability” in ART 21

    When is comes to designing an architecture for museums, it is common for most projects to lack sustainability. A creative architecture such as Weisman Art Museum is a good example of non sustainable architecture, because it takes a lot of time and money for just maintenance.

    Catherine Wagley, “When Nature Takes Over” in ART 21

    This article reminds me of a historical lands of southeast asia, Bagan, where thousands of old temples and ruins were spread throughout the land. It is a very beautiful to see how the nature takes over some of the building over time.

  52. Turning Sustainability into Art

    In the same way, many religions speak of the human body as a vessel used by our spiritual being, we humans are temporarily renting the earth. Catherine Wagley’s, “When Nature Takes Over”, is a visual example of the constant progression of the earth. Humans control this growth by cutting, clipping, paving and building. Wagley says, “… what concerns us most is not preserving nature; it’s preserving ourselves.” The material used determines the amount of maintenance required to keep it aesthetically pleasing, which we need to take into consideration designing our project, or mother nature will do her thing.
    In “Public Art and Sustainability” Corinna Kirsch says, “The permanent placement of public art has demanded an awareness of environmental concerns, from the safety of materials to how normative weather conditions will affect artworks over time.” About public art in Minnesota, she says,

    “While this may seem like a small gesture, it allows for art on campus to be treated like any other historical object in a museum collection, requiring routine conservation and discussions of proper storage and exhibition. It is necessary for cities with public art collections to treat them just as such—as collections—whereby the city can continue to maintain them year after year. Maintenance is a huge issue, and with dwindling resources, it’s easy to postpone taking care of art collections. Minneapolis has a maintenance fund for its collection, but there are many works not in the city’s collection that are ignored.”

    When the economy takes a down turn, the first areas cut are usually the arts. Philadelphia and Minneapolis have taken steps to preserving what exists and awareness of the longevity of public art and the necessity to sustain the artist as well. When politicians and social groups get together progress can be made, and creative ideas implemented.

    What do we call this not so new style of sustainable design? I don’t much care. Let me know when you figure it out. I wish I could afford the 3,500 square feet of living space. Julie Walker’s example of the house in Malibu is one of many such designs build by the wealthy all over California. The design now needs to be shrunk down to something more affordable for the common man. Buckminster Fuller’s compact inexpensive bathroom is a perfect example of a sustainable, environmentally conscious design. Early IKEA.

    Hayman’s, “The aesthetic potential of sustainability.” I read this twice and have not much nice to say.

  53. All four articles tie sustainability in the natural world to human life, specifically in architecture, aesthetic and design. How can sustainability be truly long lasting? What can be considered sustainable? All four articles do an efficient job of answering these questions.
    To start, The Aesthetic Potential of Sustainability by Davis Heymann uses the centuries of innovations made in painting, he shows that in this realm of art change did not lead to an immediate reinvention of the way in which a piece was formed or viewed. Even new inventions, such as the camera, required a new generation to reinvent the ways at which to look and recreate how art through a lens is captured. The use of sustainable techniques and materials in architecture is a new tool in the area of architecture. However sustainability has yet to be a defining point, sustainable aesthetics has not been defined and sustainable architects are looking through the same lens as modern architecture along with other forms of already established architecture would be. In agreement with Heymann, Julia Walker; Sustainable Architecture: Style vs. Substance who talks about how popular the “green” life is, “it is in vogue” but in order to make sustainable ideologies lasting in place with architecture, it must be defined as a style, a style which will last into the future. In Public Art and Sustainability by Corinna Kirsch, Kirsch present a possible solution to the need in defining and creating a long lasting foundation in sustainable art. Using policy making along with the constant cost to upkeep public art, Kurish suggests using sustainable artists to create future public works/designs which would be beneficial for the area in an abundance of ways. The importance of tying sustainable initiatives in policy making will save money in the long run and give new definition to sustainable art in the public’s eye.
    Lastly, When Nature Takes Over by Catherine Wagley show the consequences and somewhat beauty of allowing earth to retake the areas in which were once part of daily life. How healthy this process is for the earth and the long term sustainability benefits aren’t covered. Personally, I found Heymann and Kirsch points to be valid because I feel the need to look at such architecture as a defining point; to be original and experimental in sustainable building while making sure there is no disconnect to what humans are comfortable with, in a sense, is important in making sure such green views/initiatives are accepted.

  54. When Nature Takes Over

    In this reading i love this kind of photos and it reminds me of a lot of areas around me that has these homes that where over run by nature at some point and some of these areas where brought back to the way it was which was cool to watch as i was growing up.

    Public Art and Sustainability

    This was interesting because it was more caring about keeping the old stuff and make that sustainable versus doing new projects. which reminds me of how new bedford is bringing back the historic parts of the city but doing in in a manor of making it set for lasting.

  55. Turning Sustainability into Art
    Sustainable projects are at times provided as an educational pursuit in the environment. But that the same time they don’t have to be, sustainable in different aspects such as energy conservation, minimal energy cost designs, or environmentally sustained designs in the specific environment. Different architects and designers focus on different aspects in their work in order to provide a design that is cost efficient since the design is mindful about the environment, the notion of being ecologically friendly is both financially and aesthetically appealing. But being mindful of necessity, is a role in which sustainability does not take in to account, necessity in which the designs in which are meant to initiate ideals, may not be the best option for different environments and spaces.

  56. iUrbanisms of Los Angeles: Joe Day

    Even thought this article was more of a rambling on and rant into other matters and subjects I do believe that I got the main ideas from the article. I agree that in building/constructing a city that the citizens that inhabit that space should be included in the design of what they are putting together. After all these are the people who are going to be there day in and day out. In this article he emphasizes that urbanism should be a small design or projects that are pieced together for the benefit of the poorer population in less resourced areas. This goes hand in hand with Jane Jacobs idea of close knit communities with a sidewalk talk and street presence. Most cities have iconic landmarks that have been there forever. For example the octopus design in the downtown area of New Bedford as seen below. The people of the city both rich and non rich should all be included in new designs for the cities.

  57. David Heymann “Aesthetic Potential of Sustainability” Julia Walker “Style Vs. Sustainability”

    These articles use the idea of “linear perspective” as a new way to evolve architecture and art that give them a 2 dimensional feel and look. These qualities that are inherited with the technology of the times changing and with technology changing so doesn’t architecture. Is beauty worth more than sustainability? I watched a news segment the other about a building in the Bay area of San Francisco that is tilting because when it was constructed they didn’t set the foundation deep enough in to what they called “Bedrock”. This building is a skyscraper that houses hundreds of apartments. A couple that was interviewed placed a marble on their floor which rolled one way and then proceeded to roll back toward them. They decided to have an engineer look into it and they found out that eventually this building will topple over if something isn’t done to fix the error. Whether they decided to take some floors off of the top or to try to dig the foundation deeper into the level of bedrock in the earth.

    Corinna Kirsch “Public Art & Sustainability”

    This article made me think of our seagull friend on the route 18 highway at the intersection of Elm Street. It speaks about sustainable architecture becoming prevalent in art. They used recycled materials as art forms and argue that these art forms should be labeled as collections instead of regular pieces of art. In Minnesota they started a fund in order to maintain the public art of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul.

    Catherine Wagley “When Nature Calls”

    I enjoyed this article and what the pictures showed. I do believe there are a few homes like this in New Bedford as well. Sometimes when nature takes over it becomes a beautiful thing. If nothing is done to maintain the building than eventually things like overgrown trees and vines will take over creating something amazing and spectacular to some while it may be a problem for others.

  58. For this assignment, I read multiple readings that were based on sustainability and how architecture plays an important role in its idea. I liked reading the ” When nature takes over” reading because the author’s point was interesting and the pictures directly highlighted what he meant. It was definitely interesting to see how a house with fake bricks interacted over time and how nature will take over human’s inventions over time. My favorite reading however was ” Style vs Substance” by Julia Walker. She was incredibly honest and highlighted that even though the ‘Melabu 5’ house was so “technologically” sustainable, it still occupied too much space for its purpose. She also mentioned that the trend of sustainability in buildings is flexible as multiple individuals have different interpretations for its execution ( energy saving, space, design etc…) . I really liked her boldness and honesty in this article . She kept her truth real and direct which I think other authors should do more. Although we should move towards sustainability, we should also realize how its implementation can be improved such as decreasing the laxity in its meaning of sustainable housing.

  59. The recycled refrigerators is an interesting instalment but to could be put the better use than to create a wall. The ‘Something is Not Growing project appears to liven up the place with different colored materials, their interesting compositions may spark different ideas for uses for plastics besides art. The library is the innovative and unique in its composition and the designs’ acknowledgement to shelves for everyday use to the crisis of climate change have slowly taken affect.

  60. One of the areas that Jane Jacobs expresses in The Death and Life of Great American Cities is the cities have small sidewalks, too small for the populace where people end up being to close while walking past one another and end up touching incidentally, though there are dangers that can occur and make room for a bit of trust but still there is a lack of community due to the nature of urban cities. This relates to the article called The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles, since the structures are alienating people from the places, trying to reestablish any resemblance of a urbanize-eque appeal, the author calls it “post-humanist.” The relation between the two texts is the lack of community in urban areas, regardless of trust architecture can divide people, such as neighborhoods in urban cities are different from communities in small towns, lack of privacy and architecture changes spaces and human interactions.
    Joe Day, “The iUrbanisms of Los Angeles” in Places Journal

  61. The first article I reviewed was Penumbra, part of the From Waste to Architecture series, was honestly so interesting. This Korean-American artist Jean Shin traveled around New York City collecting abandoned/busted up umbrellas, taking the fabric from the metal umbrella-skeletons and stitching it all together to form a canopy. The artificial shade was then strung together between a bunch of trees (three) in the Socrates Sculpture Park in Long Island City, New York, as a multi-faceted sustainable art installation that involved repurposed inorganic materials (umbrella fabric) and incorporated them into shelter-giving art. I thought it as really cool. I decided to look into this creation because I had never heard the word “penumbra” before, to be honest. What’s cool about the Penumbra is that patches of sunlight shine through the canopy, and it also offers dry space during rainstorms – it’s a literal giant umbrella in the sky! An actual penumbra is an astrological phenomenon, the partially shaded outer region of the shadow cast by an opaque object – usually used to describe eclipses.

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